Rapid keyboard composition for organ dating from baroque period
Pedalboards are found at the base of the console of most pipe organs, theatre organs, and electronic organs.Standalone pedalboards such as the 1970s-era Moog Taurus bass pedals are occasionally used in progressive rock and fusion music.This design became widely used in the UK and in the US in the late 19th century, and by 1903, the American Guild of Organists (AGO) adopted it as their standard.In the 19th century and early 20th century, the pedal division also underwent changes.From the 16th to 18th centuries, short octave keyboards were also used in the lowest octave of upper manual keyboards.
In the 15th and 16th centuries, the pedal division usually consisted of a few 8′ ranks and a single 16′ rank.A critic for the New York Times in 1895 argued that this may explain why Handel's published organ works are generally lighter-sounding than those of J. Instead, the organ part would be put into two staves, which were mostly used for the upper and lower manual parts.When the composer wanted a part to be played with the pedal keyboard, they marked "Pedal", "Ped.", or simply "P".By the beginning of the 17th century, organ designers began to give pedalboards on large organs a larger range, encompassing twenty-eight to thirty notes.As well, German organ designers began to use longer, narrower pedals, with a wider space between the pedals.