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The aim of this “test of concept” study was to investigate the effects of a short training program in validation for medical students on their communication with patients suffering pain.
We hypothesized that the training would increase medical students' validating responses while decreasing their invalidating responses and that this would increase their satisfaction with the doctor–patient interaction.
The patient simulators also completed questionnaires to assess how they experienced the interview.
Twenty-two medical students at Örebro University served as volunteers.
Participants received a coupon for coffee at the end of the first session and a coupon for a meal at the end of the second session.
This study followed the recommendations from the Helsinki accord and was approved by the department's internal advisory board on research ethics.
Validation improves communication and satisfaction and may be appropriate for training medical professionals. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives License 4.0 (CCBY-NC-ND), where it is permissible to download and share the work provided it is properly cited.
Conclusions: We demonstrated that training empathetic validation results in improved communication thus extending previous findings to a medical setting with patients suffering pain.
Our results suggest that it would be feasible to provide validation training for health care providers and this warrants further investigation in controlled studies.
Observers independently rated validating or invalidating responses according to the Validating and Invalidating Behavior Coding Scale (VIBCS).
The 7-minute films were divided into 14 segments of 30 seconds each and observers rated the frequency of validating as well as invalidating responses during each segment.